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"If people expect to be ignorant and free, they expect
what never was and never will be
". - Thomas Jefferson

"The grand jury is an English institution, brought to this country by the early colonists and incorporated in the Constitution by the Founders. ... "to provide a fair method for instituting criminal proceedings against persons believed to have committed crimes." [Costello v. United States, 350 U.S. 359 (1956),]

Magna Carta (1215) Clause 61 - This section established a committee of 25 barons (free men or people) who made up the first grand jury and could at any time meet and overrule the will of the King if he defied the provisions of the Charter, seizing his castles and possessions if it was considered necessary. This was based on a medieval legal practice known as distraint, but it was the first time it had been applied to a monarch.






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